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Joint treatment
Knee Arthroscopy
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  Knee Arthroscopy
What is Knee Arthroscopy?

 

An arthroscope is medical equipment which can directly check the damaged area by inserting a small camera into the joint with a problem. Once the damaged area is identified, debris and damaged area can be removed immediately by inserting the simple surgical instrumentaround the arthroscope. In particular, even detailed abnormalities can be diagnosed and treated accurately because inner joints are enlarged through the arthroscope. In diagnosis, it can point out diseases more accurately than CT or MRI. Joints in which an endoscope can be inserted can be treated such as shoulder joint, elbow joint, wrist joint, and hip joint, knee joint, ankle joint.




Surgery that can be performed with Arthroscopy

>Cartilaginous plate resection
It is treatment of resecting some damaged cartilaginous plate and if the rupture gets larger, most of the cartilaginous plate may need to be resected. It is important to resect it while maintaining the function as much as possible because the cartilaginous plate acting as a buffer is not working properly and degenerative arthritis may be developed.

>Cartilaginous plate suture
It refers to the treatment of sewing up and suturing torn cartilaginous plate by using a thread. Suture should be considered first before resection because suture treats theoriginal cartilaginous plate while preserving it as much as possible.

>Cruciate ligament reconstruction
If the ligament is ruptured or broken, cruciate ligament reconstruction is conducted in order to suture the ligament or reconstruct the new ligament.Ligament reconstructionis the treatment of removing torn ligament by using autologous tendon or same tendon through an arthroscopeand implanting the new ligament in that place.



Cases that Ankle Arthroscopyis effective (Including hip joint)

Arthroscopy Surgery may be effective for the cases that cartilage and tendon were too damaged to be recovered by physical therapy, drug therapy and that little damage not requiring artificial joint or incision is highly likely to develop into larger disease if left as it is.

- Knee joint meniscus tear
- Knee jointAnterior and posterior cruciate ligament rupture
- Knee osteoarthritis
- Knee cartilage damage
- Hip joint impingement syndrome
- Hip joint loose body formation



Benefits of Arthroscopy

-Local anesthesia
- The joint does not need to be incised.
- Diagnosis is accurate because a micro camera searches the joint thoroughly
- Both diagnosis and treatment are carried out at the same time.
- Probability of complications is extremely low.
- Hospitalization (1-2 days) or physical therapy period is very short and recovery is faster.
- If diagnostic endoscopy can be considered


Diagnostic endoscopy first before Arthroscopy Surgery!

Arthroscopy is similar to gastroscopy. Just as gastroscopy is conducted for diagnosis and treatment of internal stomach diseases when you have a burning feeling in your stomach or a stomachache, it is the advanced surgical technique of diagnosing and treating while accurately looking at the problem of the shoulder joint and knee joint, ankle joint after attaching a microvideo camera and surgical instruments etc. in 4mm of a thin tube. It is actively used in early diagnosis and treatment of joint diseases because treatment can be done by making a hole on the opposite area and inserting special surgical tools if diagnosis and treatment are required at the same time. A knee arthroscope is used in a wide range of areas such as removal and suture of cartilaginous plate or torn cartilage in the joint about 4mm thick, ligament reconstruction, removal of loose body, synovectomy, implantation and repair of damaged cartilage etc.



Benefits of diagnostic endoscopy

- Incision is less than 1cm and tissue damage is less.
- Returning to everyday life is faster because the recovery period is short after surgery.
- Less bleeding during surgery and less pain after surgery.
- Few complications and low morbidity rate
- There are almost no scars after surgery and scars are healed quickly.
- Not only hospital stay is short, 1~2 days but rehabilitation period is short.



>Cases that diagnostic endoscopy can be considered

- If there is no problem in X-rayphotos or thorough medical examination but joint pain continues
- If water is often filled in the joint (Mainly occurring in the knee)
- If you feel pain inside the knee or displaced when sitting crossed-legged
- If the crock behind the knee is pulled or not stretched well
- If you often feel fatigue and pain in the knee unlike the past
- If those who use the knee a lot while working or do work imposing a lot of load on the knee feel pain in the knee